Many people are surprised by how large their Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) are in retirement. You should prepare for the tax hit that comes with these withdrawals by using a good RMD calculator to project your RMDs.
Let's first define what RMDs are: If you are age 70½ or over and have a Traditional, Rollover, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA, you are legally required to take RMDs annually.
Calculating Your Projected RMDsNote that an RMD Calculator is a good starting point, but in reality you want a financial planning software tool that will calculate your changing tax rate in every year. The WealthTrace Financial and Retirement Planner does just that. It will accurately calculate your tax rates and RMDs in every single year. You can use it for free by signing up here.
When you withdraw funds from one of the account types subjected to RMDs, you are taxed on those withdrawals. Use our RMD Calculator to project the withdrawals and the taxes. The calculator is also shown below for your convenience.
Don't Miss That RMD Deadline
If the RMD amount is not withdrawn by the deadline, the IRS assesses a 50% excise tax on the amount that is not withdrawn. This is known as an excess-accumulation penalty. If you take out only a portion of the required RMD amount, the penalty is assessed on the left-over balance. For example, if you calculated an RMD amount of $10,000 and you withdrew $5,000. You will be assessed a 50% excise tax on $5,000. Note that most brokerage companies and custodians will let you know when your RMDs are due.
RMDs On Roth IRAsIt is important to point out that there are no RMDs on Roth IRAs while the owner is alive. This is a great attribution of Roth IRAs and exists because Roth IRA withdrawals are not taxable. To learn more about the benefits of using a Roth IRA and to use our free Roth calculator, go here.
How To Recover From A Missed RMD WithdrawalIf you find yourself under the stressful predicament of having to pay this tax due to a lapse, you can request a waiver from the IRS. The IRS requires that you send them a letter of explanation asking for a waiver with your income tax return. The excise tax is reported on IRS Form 5329, which may be obtained at www.irs.gov. You might want the assistance of a retirement planning expert or tax professional when requesting the waiver.
What effect will RMDs have on your retirement plan? WealthTrace can help you find out. See how the taxes generated by your RMDs affect your plan chances of achieving your retirement goals. Use a free trial of WealthTrace to find out more.